American Sabbatical 046: 11/5/96
11/5.. Santa Barbara.
One of the great joys of riding on this wagontrain is getting to go face-to-face with fellow travelers. El Putz (his e-mail handle.. aka Peggys cousin David) has been picking plums on his wiseacerage since August, and shoving them down the E-tube at us. Quite frankly I didnt know what to expect when we faced off here on the dream coast. In-laws, after all.
All I knew about the Putz was that hed retired from business
at a disgustingly early age, after making a killing selling mass-produced
art to motel chains.. that he was into boats and deepsea fishing..
and spent a lot of time in Baja. This was not a totally reassuring
resume. In his directions hed described his house as looking
like the Guggenheim. Uh, ho. Are we talking about paintings on
velvet, or paintdrips in a BAH House? Climbing up the class spectrum
overlooking Santa Barbara didnt increase my comfort level. I
tend to get airsick in the upper echelons.
Museum of Kin
Not to worry. David is a mensch, and Carole is instant kin.. to
me, I mean. When we jumped out of the Owl, David gave me a big
hug in the dark, and I bloodied his lip. It was all uphill from
there. Their house IS a Guggenheim. Whitewashed cylinders and
slabs from the outside, the inside spirals round and round a central
stairwell, and the place is full of contemporary art. Neat art,
happy art, fun art, unpretentious art. A big playful shining white
house with terraces in all directions, profuse plantings, fountains,
fishponds, and not the least hint of condescension. The combination
of elegant modernity and egalitarian welcome is as refreshing
as it is uncommon. Whod have thought you could feel at home in
a showplace in the upper lithosphere
It might have something to do with David and Carole who are absolutely genuine, joyful hosts, with wideopen eyes, and a strong sense of our human absurdity. Its probably the echoes of all that laughter which makes their museum a home. So how come we havent been close to these cousins all our lives? Isnt that the headshaker? Too far, too busy, too many family briar patches in between. Brer Fox, if yall goes spectin the worst of kinfolk, you might jes find you aint so smart after all. Or maybe its only when weve gone over the hill that we can appreciate the comfort of familiar traits. In any case we felt blessed to be embraced by distant kin come close.
Carole and David have full lives of community action. Carole goes uptown and hobs with the nobs over issues of preservation and development, while David goes downstreet and performs rescue missions in the underclass. She mingles at city hall, he hangs out on the waterfront. Touring Santa Barbara with them is a nonstop smooze and howareyou? They make this city feel like a small town. But what a spectacular small town. If you like California Spanish, Santa Barbara will slay you. Civic legislation requires that all buildings must be stylish, and every structure, from municipal institutions to commercial malls to private haciendas play to the same themes. Bright stucco walls in white, beige, yellow, pink, roof tiles in shades of orange and red (now fiberglass vs. ceramic), rounded archways, inner courtyards, shoal hipped towers, all that Mission tradition, interspersed with walls of glass, exploding in greenery and flowerworks, and waving fan palms in the air. The County Courthouse is a raw sienna paean to the Spanish style, with a glorious central tower pierced through with a two-story barrel arch, and it dominates the business district just the way the old mission rises above the secular housing around it. This is a two and three story city, set on the flats between the pale wash of the Pacific and the pinkorange and green mountains, then climbing the hills toward the heights. From above, the city sparkles white and red amidst the greenery, the tall palms lining the shoreline stand like a row of feathery fenceposts against the water, the offshore rigs march along like sentinels of industry, and the Santa Barbara Islands loom up like a southsea dream. The breakwater-enclosed boat basin is jammed tight with every variation on the nautical theme, and theres a 150 year waiting list for slippage.
David has a 31-foot whaler with twin 150s, and he took us out for a cruise on election day. Talk about a scooter. We visited pods of sea lions, who loll about in the arms of Neptune: tightly clustered carpets of upraised flippers, and heads, and rolling torsos. Periodically the beasts take it in their heads to party on a moored boat and have sunk not a few with their cavorting. Today they were hauled out on the bell and some large mooring floats. Saki, the bearded collie who was our companion went about nuts wanting to jump in and play. We saw mackerel running and pelicans gorging, and got a good whiff of the deep salt.
The big storm wed encountered at the mouth of the Columbia had snatched up a handful of boats moored outside the Santa Barbara breakwater and hurled them on the beach. We motored among their dismasted hulks and watched the owners try to dig out one sailboat still buried in the sands, then we nosed back into the harbor thicket of masts and fiberglass. Everything from Americas Cuppers to 50-foot trawlers out of Kodiak to sculling shells to antique shrimp boats. The harbor was alive and thrumming 24 hours a day.
Santa Barbara Mission
Right now the big squid run is on. Last night one boat offloaded
50 metric tons into reefers. Ultimate destination Japan. This
is a night fishery with a light boat to lure the inky cephalapods
and a purse seiner to set around them. Seiners from San Pedro
to the Aleutians are here, jockeying for position in the channel,
and sharemen are grinning ear to ear. We chatted up one crew from
Washington who grumbled like lobstermen about getting too many
sardines and the damn sharks ripping up the nets, and David offered
them showers and a place to put their feet up.
David compulsively brings home strays from off the dock or out of the back streets. He is big brother to Vietnamese and Mexican kids, and will as soon take in a homeless street warrior as a wandering relative. He and Carole spend a couplethree months a year way down in a small town in Baja, sharing their largess and chasing the gamefish. David says they distribute the catch around town and feel good about being rich sports. The only note of discontent we heard from David was that he wants to sell the museum, because it embarrasses him to bring street people there. Gives them the wrong impression. But I found his joyful generosity and genuine concern for others made the setting irrelevant. It looks cold, but it feels warm. These folks give affluence a good name.
Back on the waterfront, the west coast fishery looked very healthy to me. Crabbing, lobstering (didnt even know there was a California lobster), shrimping, salmon netting and trolling, groundfishing, sardining, oyster farming. About the only plaint we heard was the scarcity of abalone. The fishermen were all jawing about a recent glut of salmon in the deeps off Alaska, where theyd had to give away fish. Fishermen talked about the necessity of regulatory shutoffs to preserve stocks as though that was the only sensible thing to do. Am I hearing right? I didnt smell a trace of the graveyard attitude so frequent along our coast. Go west young fisherman.
Nov. 5 - The MISSION OF SANTA BARBARA
Who? Franciscan missionaries
What? Greek-Roman-Spanish-Indian architected mission (10th in California)
Where? Santa Barbara
When? established 1776
How? Spanish Crown authorized missions, Father Junipero Serra started first 9
Topics: Spanish missions, mission architecture, mission activities, Christianized Indians.
Questions: When and why were the Spanish mission established in California? How did the missions operate? How were the indigenous peoples treated? Whose life was described in Island of the Blue Dolphins?
The Catholic missionaries who were authorized by imperial Spain
to establish missions on the California coast served a dual purpose:
to Christianize the indigenous peoples (the church aim) and to
counter the Russian colonization threat (the crown aim) . Santa
Barbara (the queen of the missions) was the tenth mission established
by the Franciscans (the first nine being started by the famous
Father Junipero Serra). It is the only one of the California missions
that has been operated by the Franciscan fathers throughout its
history. Established in 1766, the mission belonged to Spain until
1821, then Mexico until 1848 , then the USA.
Today the mission buildings are fronted by lush lawns. A major artery of the city of Santa Barbara winds past and houses crowd in on every side. The coastal range looms in the background and the ocean glitters a mile to the west. The mission is beautiful - a huge church with adjoining cloisters and buildings surrounding a spectacular central court. A small adjoining graveyard has the graves of many missionaries, nuns, residents, Christianized First People (including Juana Maria the woman whose life is the subject of Island of the Blue Dolphins).
I had thought of the architecture as Spanish mission style; in fact, it is a far more interesting blend of Greek, Roman, Spanish, and First People/Native American traits. It has a Greco-Roman facade and arches and columns, Islamic fountains and windows and doors, First People/Native American color scheme and painted designs, and Spanish towers, roofs and gardens.
The specific Greek traits are Ionic columns, entablature, architrave
and frieze. Apparently, the Greco-Roman influences can be explained
by contemporary publishing events. A Roman named Vitruvius Polion
wrote Ten Books of Architecture on Greek and Roman design in Latin.
During the Renaissance this book was distributed throughout Europe
and in 1787 it was translated into Spanish. This made it current
when the mission was rebuilt after an earthquake that devastated
the structure. The original adobe was replaced by stone covered
by stucco, now a lovely rose. The mission workers constructed
a still visible aqueduct to bring in water.
The missionaries gathered the First People of the area - mainly
Chumash - in to a street of houses near the church (though there
were those that rejected Christianity and stayed away). They consciously
mixed groups, inculcated Catholicism, and turned the hunter-gatherers
into farmers. The mission culture blended people and plants and
animals and goods from many areas. From Mexico the missionaries
brought oranges, pomegranates, grapes, pears, beans, chilis, corn,
wheat, lettuce. The animals introduced included cattle, sheep,
pigs, mules, horses. Archaeologists have excavated the First Peoples
areas at California missions.
The First People became the workers of the missions with a highly structured schedule (but one that allowed a surprising amount of leisure). Call to worship at 6:15, then 7 Mass, breakfast at 7:45, work assignments at 8:15, 11:15 to 1:30 was for a meal and siesta, 1:30-3:00 was work time, Friday pm/Sat/Sun were free. One fifth of the workers got a one week vacation every five weeks.They worked as weavers, carpenters, saddlers, leatherworkers, blacksmiths, potters, ranchhands, cooks, gardeners. (I saw no information on what the First People received for their work.)
In one of the odder incidents (mentioned as an aside) in the missions history, a missionary named Father Antonio Ripoll trained a company of First People to face a military threat in 1818. It would be an incredible event to research.
The First People of mission Santa Barbara intermarried with the many ethnic groups represented by the Spanish soldiers and the early settlers. Residents of the city today can trace their ancestry back to Chumash, Mexican, Spanish, African-American, Sephardic Jewish ancestors.
The missions fountain and water troughs can be seen in front of the building. The rooms along the cloister have been turned into a gift shop and small museum. Displays show the culture of the Chumash Indians, mission trades and objects, a missionarys bedroom (complete with clothes, including large black hat, and period furniture), the mission kitchen, artifacts belonging to the first Bishop of California. A chapel room shows the original mission altar, vestments, music books and instruments. The central court (once used as a workshop by the First People workers) is now a beautiful garden with trees and lawns and flower beds.
The mission church is beautiful. I was particularly struck by
the walls where bright shapes outlined windows and doors and the
lower part of the church walls had an odd multicolored wavy sea
of paint. It turns out that the Chumash had elaborate polychrome
rock art as part of their religious rituals before the coming
of the missionaries. This distinctive polychrome style is their
gift to the mission.
I wandered the mission on the self-tour, poking into corners and imagining life in the 1800s. Every place seemed to have decorations. The physical plant itself is satisfying, but I still have many questions about the life of the missions and the mixture of cultures.